MYTHOLOGY SERIES: The Amazons | Ἀμαζόνες (Greek Myth):
THE AMAZONS were a tribe of female warriors who were descended from the war god Ares and the Naiad Harmonia. Their home was situated beyond the Black Sea. It is believed that the Amazons voluntarily removed their right breast so it was easier for them to draw a bow. To keep populating their tribe, the Amazons mated with men from another nearby tribe, keeping the female children but discarding, or maiming the males.
During the Trojan War they fought against the Greeks where many heroes such as Achilles and Theseus became fascinated with them.There were even rumours of Achilles being in love with the Amazon queen Penthesilea. These rumours only ended once he had killed her. One of Hercules’ famous labours was to seize the girdle belonging to the Amazon queen Hippolyta, a task which required a lot of bravery.
INTERESTING FACTS: Speculation that the idea of the Amazons contains some truth is based on archaeological findings from burials, pointing to the possibility that some Sarmatian women may have participated in battle.
Evidence of high-ranking warrior women comes from southern Ukraine and Russia. According to historians, about 20% of Scythian- Sarmatian warrior graves on the lower Don and Volga contained women dressed for battle similar to how men dress, a phenomenon that probably inspired the Greek tales about the Amazons.